BUM500DFL Digital Darkfield Microscope
- BUM500 Series biological Upright Microscope
- Brightfield and darkfield imaging with optional Phase-Contrast, Polarizing, Epi-fluor imaging
- 4x, 10x, 40x, 60x and 100x Lenses included, optional 2x, 2.5x, 5x, 20x, 50x, 150x
- High level microscope, designed for laboratory study in darkfield mode
- Includes a retina display camera (6MP HD Camera & 11.6″ Retina Monitor)
- Comes with great darkfield kit
BUM800FL Advanced Uprigh Fluorescence Microscope
- BUM800FL Series biological epi-fluotescence upright Microscope
- Epi-fluorescence and brightfield imaging with optional Phase-Contrast, Darkfield, and Polarizing imaging
- 4x, 10x, 20x, 40x and 100x Lenses included, optional 2.5x, 5x, 20x, 50x, 60x and LWD
- 5- or 6-position nosepiece
- 5- or 6-spot filters fluorescence attachment
- Blue, Green and UV filters are included
- 3-Stop viewing head is available (100% Eyepieces, 20%E-80%C, 100% Camera)
- High level microscope, designed for laboratory study.
BUM400A Fully Motorized Auto-Focus Biological Microscope
- Fully automated digital microscope
- 4x, 10x, 20x, 40x and 100x plan obj lenses
- Brighfield Imaging with LED illumination
- Automated XY stage, Auto-focus and Motorized Nosepiece
- Easy remote control via internet makes excellent choice for tele-consultation
- Auto-focus, Auto-scanning and auto-recognition features
- Standard Image Analysis Software
- The most economical solution for automatic XY-Z biological microscope, slide scanning and tele-pathology
- Excellent solution for sperm / semen analysis, stool analysis, counting of cancer cells, blood cells, mammalian cells and bacteria, medical diagnosis, pathological analysis and real-time teaching, etc.
Darkfield imaging is very popular for imaging of live or deal blood cells, bacteria, virus and microorganisms particularly for those living in water. BIOIMAGER offers various type of microscopes with darkfield, dark-field, dark field imaging capabilities. This is for reflected (incident) or transmitted light in metallography or metallurgical microscopes and biological microscopes in either upright or inverted microscopes. These dissecting microscopes come with darkfield condensers and objective lenses. It is a useful technique for live blood cell imaging.
This short article concentrates on darkfield illumination. For this article, we will be using BUM500DF microscope. Darkfield illumination is a lighting method used to increase the contrast in low contrast samples. It is particularly useful for highlighting specific sample material while other methods such as phase contrast are better for viewing interior details. At the heart of dark field illumination there is a darkfield condenser. It works similarly to a brightfield condenser except it includes an opaque disc or stop which blocks direct light from entering the objective lens. Instead, only oblique lighting which is refracted by the sample will enter. This results in certain objects being illuminated while the background remains dark.
When choosing a dark field condenser be sure the condenser’s numerical aperture (NA) is larger than a numerical aperture of the objective lens you plan to use. If the objective lens’s aperture is larger than the condenser’s, a direct light will be transmitted and a dark field will not be achieved. At the dry condenser’s upper limit, an image shows noticeable glare. This is well above the condenser’s limit where the dark field is completely lost. By reducing the aperture of the lens, the dark field may be restored.
There are two classes of condenser dry and oil immersion. A dry condenser is designed to work with lower magnification objectives with lower numerical apertures. This typically covers objectives up to 40x (or may be 60x) with apertures of around 0.65 or less. An oil immersion condenser is needed for higher magnification lenses such as a 100x lens. Due to the high numerical aperture of these lenses, typically 1.25 or higher, a condenser of correspondingly high aperture is needed specially to maintain high resolution. while this combination will produce an image with improved contrast, it may not be truly darkfield due to the objective lenses high aperture. Thus, as an option a variable aperture lens may be used to fine tune and improve the darkfield image quality by closing a built-in iris diaphragm. The numerical aperture of the objective can be reduced until the field is adequately dark.
Replacing the condenser is a simple process. The condenser can be raised or lowered by using the adjustment knob. While supporting the installed condenser, loosen the locking screw until a condenser can easily slip out. Next, insert the darkfield condenser fully. Then, securely tighten the locking screw(s). A darkfield condenser should be centered for optimal results. Although the procedure is similar for dry and oil condensers, there are some minor differences for the dry condenser. Use a low powered objective preferably at 10x, by removing an eyepiece an image of the condensers lens can be seen. Adjust the height of the condenser and the stage (if necessary) until the opaque disc fills slightly less than the entire image circle leaving a ring of light. Now, use the two centering screws to move the disc until it appears centered within the ring of light.
For the oil condenser, use a high power objective preferably at 40x. By raising the condenser a dark circle should be visible. Now, use the two centering screws to move the circle until appear centered. For best results, once the condenser is centered it should be raised until it makes contact with the slide and the lamp should be turned up to maximum brightness. When working at high magnification, you will likely be using an oil objective lens and an oil condenser. Before using an oil condenser, apply a drop of oil to the condenser’s lens. Once the condenser is installed, raise it until the oil makes contact with the bottom of the slide. If using an oil objective lens, apply a drop of oil to the coverslip then gently raise the stage until the oil makes contact with the lens. Now you can fine tune the focus. If using a variable aperture lens adjust the iris to fine tune the contrast.